How do .NET delegates work?

Delegates are a fundamental part of the .NET runtime and whilst you rarely create them directly, they are there under-the-hood every time you use a lambda in LINQ (=>) or a Func<T>/Action<T> to make your code more functional. But how do they actually work and what’s going in the CLR when you use them?

Analysing Pause times in the .NET GC

Over the last few months there have been several blog posts looking at GC pauses in different programming languages or runtimes. It all started with a post looking at the latency of the Haskell GC, next came a follow-up that compared Haskell, OCaml and Racket, followed by Go GC in Theory and Practice, before a final post looking at the situation in Erlang.

Why Exceptions should be Exceptional

Meteor Hit on the Earth

Why is reflection slow?

It’s common knowledge that reflection in .NET is slow, but why is that the case? This post aims to figure that out by looking at what reflection does under-the-hood.

Research papers in the .NET source

This post is completely inspired by (or ‘copied from’ depending on your point of view) a recent post titled JAVA PAPERS (also see the HackerNews discussion). However, instead of looking at Java and the JVM, I’ll be looking at references to research papers in the .NET language, runtime and compiler source code.

Open Source .NET – 2 years later

A little over 2 years ago Microsoft announced that they were open sourcing large parts of the .NET framework and as Scott Hanselman said in his recent Connect keynote, the community has been contributing in a significant way:

How does the 'fixed' keyword work?

Well it turns out that it’s a really nice example of collaboration between the main parts of the .NET runtime, here’s a list of all the components involved:

Adding a verb to the dotnet CLI tooling

The dotnet CLI tooling comes with several built-in cmds such as build, run and test, but it turns out it’s possible to add your own verb to that list.

Optimising LINQ

What’s the problem with LINQ? As outlined by Joe Duffy, LINQ introduces inefficiencies in the form of hidden allocations, from The ‘premature optimization is evil’ myth:

Compact strings in the CLR

In the CLR strings are stored as a sequence of UTF-16 code units, i.e. an array of char items. So if we have the string ‘testing’, in memory it looks like this: